Crooked Consulting: EY and Deloitte spruik climate on one hand, the explosion in new coal projects on the other

by | Apr 5, 2021 | Economy & Markets, Featured

Australia is building a slew of new coal projects just as global demand for coal is in retreat. It’s justified by “independent expert” reports from the likes of Big Four firms Deloitte and EY. Luke Stacey and Michael West report on the flawed economics and compromised reports of the consultants.

How is it that coal demand is falling globally but, in NSW alone, there are 23 new coal mine proposals on the books, almost half of which were added in 2020? 

Flawed advice from consultants has a lot to do with it says Rod Campbell, chief economist at progressive think tank The Australia Institute (TAI) which has just modelled the coal markets and found “wildly optimistic forecasts”.

In discussing the report, One Step Forward, Two Steps Back with Michael West Media, Campbell highlighted the role of the usual suspects within the consultancy sector in pushing for new coal projects:

“It’s amazing [how] companies like Ernst & Young that talk about ‘the need to embrace the climate emergency’ are also prepared to knowingly inflate the economic case for new coal mines.

Ernst & Young’s economists use methods for coal mines that result in valuations hundreds of millions higher than even other coal industry consultants. These methods have been described as ‘inflated’, ‘contrary to economic theory’ and ‘plainly wrong’ by the NSW Land and Environment Court, but EY is happy to keep using them.

Deloitte also goes in to bat for new coal mines while saying climate change is the ‘biggest shared challenge facing humanity’”.

Campbell believes Deloitte’s methodology isn’t as clearly misleading as EY’s, however the firm is still prepared to model their clients on selling coal at today’s prices out to 2046.

Even the coal-friendly International Energy Agency (IEA) forecasts thermal coal exports to fall.

Low standards

“Economists have no professional standards and no professional body that can discipline consultants who basically lie for their clients.

The Australia Institute has called for a code of conduct for economic modellers, but this has never been supported by big players like EY and Deloitte. “Why would they, when they can profit from the rush to approvals as the coal industry realises the music is about to stop?”, said Campbell.

The jarring conflict of interest has been chronicled here before. Deloitte has been exposed for conflating royalties with tax in its “independent” expert reports for coal peak body the Minerals Council of Australia.

Minerals Council’s masterclass in spin and corporate lobbying

The big consultants all make hundreds of millions of dollars a year from both government contracts and the resources industry. That makes them cautious about criticising governments but also compromised when it comes to offering independent advice as they are also highly paid by their corporate clients.

The numbers just don’t stack up when it comes to adding more coal production to a falling market.

NSW coal production peaked in 2014, yet current pending approvals in the state could see over 165 million tonnes produced in 2030.  More specifically, “Coal production in NSW doubled from 130 million tonnes in 2000 to 260 million tonnes in 2014”.

During this boom, both state and federal government and lobbyists in the coal industry forecasted even greater returns throughout the 2020s and 2030s.

Predictions for coal exports laid out by the government’s official forecasters in 2012 (shown below) now stand at clear odds with present-day reality; the gap reaching 65 million tonnes in the space of five years. 

The 2012 estimates have also proven overly ambitious in respect to royalty payments. The report notes that “Coal royalties were predicted to reach $2.5 billion in 2012, [however] $1.2 billion was the eventual payment in 2016”.

Another indication of the industry’s decline is that many coal mines are producing below their capacity. A prime example is BHP’s Mt Arthur mine in the Hunter Valley. In 2019, it produced 25 million tonnes, well short of its 36 million tonne capacity.

“BHP is trying to sell the Mt Arthur mine and recently revised its value down by $US1.2 billion to around $US300 million,” says Campbell. 

In Queensland, there is speculation BHP may divest a number of its thermal coal mines. BHP did not respond to questions for this story regarding the sale of its coking coal assets and whether decarbonisation of the steel sector is occurring faster than anticipated.

Green steel threatens to leave Dalrymple Bay coal port stranded

The NSW government however remains deaf to the reality of sinking coal exports. It has 23 new coal mine proposals on the books, almost half of which were added in 2020. 

According to TAI, this influx “likely reflects a rush by proponents to progress projects as quickly as possible before a potential major shift in the coal market due to climate action and cheaper renewable energy”. 

The Upper Hunter region in NSW accounts for 11 of the 23 new proposals – equivalent to 10 Adani coal mines – though it is already home to some of the worst air quality in the country. Over the weekend, the influence of the coal lobby over NSW politicians was on display when the Deputy Premier John Barilaro was photographed with other prominent pro-coal politicians in NSW mining lobby regalia.

TAI’s report recommends the NSW Government, namely the Department of Planning Industry and Environment, “introduce a moratorium on new coal mine projects until it has undertaken a cumulative assessment of the economic, environmental and social consequences of pursuing so many new coal projects”. 

It also lists six points of contention surrounding the responsibility of companies in the coal industry in their mitigation of financial and environmental risks, rehabilitation standards and obligations, plus the adequacy of oversight from the state government. 

Another contradiction to coal mine expansion, especially in the Hunter, is the limitations imposed on the export terminal at the Port of Newcastle. With an annual terminal capacity of around 200 million tonnes, it is simply not capable of handling the added capacity of these new proposals against that of the existing mines in the Hunter Valley.   

The tired rationale echoed by government and coal lobbyists alike is the injection to the economy and employment generated by these new projects. However, considering the reduced performance of existing mines, limited capacity of the Port of Newcastle and shortfall from the global market, employment will be significantly lower than that which is being claimed.

There is also the environmental threat to existing biodiversity which populate the regions. The problem with the NSW government’s approval process is that “each mine is evaluated separately rather than evaluated within a coherent regional framework.”

This results in a lack of transparency when considering environmental impacts such as disruption to the water table or river health and the threat to local wildlife. When assessed individually, the impacts of one project will naturally favour the cumulative consequences of 11 mines or expansions in the same region.  

Questions have been put to the NSW Department of Planning Industry and Environment, and NSW Minister for Energy and Environment, Matt Kean.

Asleep at the Wheel: why Australia’s emissions policy debacle puts hundreds of communities at risk


Luke Stacey

Luke Stacey

Luke Stacey is a contributing researcher and editor for the Secret Rich List and Revolving Doors series on Michael West Media. He has built our corporate database of grandfathered companies on the Secret Rich List. Luke studied journalism at University of Technology, Sydney, has worked in the film industry and studied screenwriting at the New York Film Academy in New York. You can follow Luke on Twitter @lukestacey_


  1. Avatar

    You will not get a reply from Matt Kean .,he will have to consult his secret experts and the report he refuses to release .Perhaps he getting ready to retire so a woman can get a safe seat that would be brave step for him to take .Perhaps you should ask him?

  2. Avatar

    Well done Luke for exposing the truth , why with coal in decline our government is proposing an increase in production.
    Once again the powers of the large corporate companies flexing their muscle and distorting the truth of the real impact on our society and climate.
    It is time we listened to the experts and scientists world wide and the evidence of climate change instead of taking bribes from these despicable companies. Interesting John Barilaro always ready for a photo opportunity, easy to see where his loyalties lie, not with the interest of his electorate but the lining of his own pocket. Watch out John the public are becoming a wake up to you and the government corruption, thank god for MWM calling out on these inconsistencies.

  3. Avatar

    As long as we have Liberal/National governments in power, the number of approved new coal minds boggles the mind. Did someone say Australia leads the world in environmental protection?

  4. Avatar

    With the coal debate still active, why does the paper that was passed to the government many years ago not reappear? It showed a plan for a fully renewable, pump hydro plan and a national grid, fully costed, build on the edge of the Great Australian Bight. Costing, including the national grid, less than the NBN rollout.

  5. Avatar

    nominative determinism – when COAL is the first part of their name – it’s hard for people in the COALition to think beyond it …

  6. Avatar

    This story is really beginning to highlight the real reasons behind the MDBA corruption of Water Management and licensing, in addition to the clear strategy that has been adopted by Consulting firms, Mining, Oil & Gas in cahoots with NSW, Nationals et al.

    Now, what was it that a wise man once said “No one can serve two masters. Either you will hate the one and love the other, or you will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and money.” Matthew 6:24

    Craven is hardly an appropriate word here with all the players that are currently involved, and that includes Ministers of the Crown all the way up to the PM, chief Minister of Pork and Circuses.

  7. Avatar

    Thoroughly agree some of these economic modellers should be accountable to their wildly exaggerated claims based on best-case scenarios in non-existent circumstances. If this crap continues to be used as a basis for bad policy then they should be penalised. Scientific modellers get dragged through the mud for poorly researched drivel in the academic sphere so why do commerce folk get a free pass?

    Also Matt Kean, the young sleight of hand master: on one hand “let’s replace coal-fired power and become a renewable superpower” and on the other “I’ve got 23 ideas I think you’re going to love…”

  8. Avatar

    We really need to find the rationale behind these reports.

    We can assume that the coal miners are not stupid. They are unlikely to spend 5 years and billions of dollars to bring 20 new mines into production. Or direct into mothballs.

    Is it for political purposes? Highly likely. Anything but honesty for the coal regions. Playing the electorate for fools. Coal is already dead to the Liberal Party. Long live gas. Gas to replace Liddell.

  9. Avatar

    why has Matt Kean refused to give out his report that he relies on for his policy . Is it because it was not done in Australia ? Was it done by friends? why is there no discussion of the proposed power plants in Africa and China ? Should we deny Africa the chance to improve their health ? I wish it was a simple question to resolve .there seems to be only extreme ill thought out views out in the public . What is the argument against nuclear based on facts not emotion such as Zali and her followers express .

  10. Avatar

    Thanks for the article, just a note that it is actually Richard Denniss who is chief economist at TAI, Rod Campbell is research director.

  11. Avatar

    The Big 4 are like criminal law barristers – just guns for hire – happy to represent anyone willing to pay (especially up front, if any risk of non-payment is identified). If the so-called legal regulators in this country were willing and able to fund independent compliance reviews of the client-facing lawyers within the Big 4 and their peddling of legal professional privilege, especially as a tax-audit prophylactic, they would discover some very interesting issues. But the regulators are part of the greater ‘lawyers’ club’ and would never dare bite the hands they might need to feed them in futuro.

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