Memorial Rorts: how the Australian War Memorial expansion was rammed through despite public opposition

by | Mar 27, 2021 | Government

“The strongest arguments for the Australian War Memorial have always come from the old white men whose names will appear on foundation stones and for whom these 24,000 square metres of new space will stand as a lasting legacy. And lasting, too, will be the memories of the flawed process that led to this outcome.” David Stephens reports on the failure of process and the public opposition which have marred the half a billion dollar AWM expansion.

“Drape ‘Anzac’ over an argument and, like a magic cloak, the argument is sacrosanct,” wrote historian Peter Cochrane in 2015.

Critics of the $498 million Australian War Memorial expansion fear being seen as disrespecting dead Diggers while proponents know that their emotive euphemisms (“sacrificed” rather than “killed”) and their point-stretching (“the Memorial is a sacred site”) will hit home.

The Anzac cloak has helped ensure that appearances at Senate Estimates by War Memorial staff have often been advertising opportunities drenched in emotion, particularly when Dr Brendan Nelson, former leader of the Liberal Party, was the director.

The Memorial project has passed through four stages of “accountability”, none of which was notable for either rigour or comprehensiveness.

First, there was an internal process within government that culminated in an announcement by Prime Minister Morrison on 1 November 2018 that his government had committed $498.7 million to the project. The project had progressed outside the normal competitive Budget process: funding arrangements were nailed down secretively, helped by lobbying from then director Nelson and War Memorial Council chairman Kerry Stokes.

Australian War Memorial: from keeper of the flame to hider of shame?

Stokes also funded the $700,000 Parliament House shindig to launch the project and gave a personal guarantee to the government that the project would not cost more than $500 million.

Second was the negotiation between the Memorial and the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment (previously Environment and Energy) regarding the heritage implications. The exchange went on for months as the Department tried to extract more information from the Memorial.

Triumph of double-speak

The Department’s final statements were a triumph of double-speak, reflecting the path it had to tread between the political reality that the Prime Minister had given the project a tick and the negative effects (particularly the destruction of the award-winning Anzac Hall and changes to the southern entrance of the Memorial) on the heritage status of the Memorial.

Heritage experts in the Department and the Australian Heritage Council, the government’s principal advisory body on heritage, came out against aspects of the project. Regardless, Environment Minister Ley gave the project a tick.

Then the parliamentary Public Works Committee looked at the need for and costing of the project. The Committee’s rule of thumb for many years has been that if the government says there is a need, then that settles the question. The Committee’s report was almost apologetic in tone, setting out in detail the arguments put forward, then admitting at a number of points that the issues being canvassed were beyond its remit.

The Committee also failed to mention that the number of submissions it received for its inquiry (77) was by far the largest it had ever received on any inquiry since it began work in 1913, with three-quarters against the project.

In fact the strong public opposition to the redevelopment has been apparent at every step, but the views of the public have never really been wanted. Consider the most recent survey, conducted in early February. It included multiple questions but provided no options for participants to write their own views.

For example, to the question: “Which of the following statements best reflects your view of the Australian War Memorial?”, the only possible responses were positive, with no space for critical comment.

And now the National Capital Authority is looking at whether the project is compatible with the National Capital Plan. The Plan sets out parameters for development in Canberra, giving special attention to projects in the Parliamentary Triangle, which includes the War Memorial and its environs. The NCA is in a public consultation phase on ‘early works’ for the project, with input due by 30 April. The aim, according to the application, is ‘to adequately prepare the three works sites … for construction’.

Early works fundamental to expansion

What a misnomer. ‘Early works’ in fact includes the demolition of the $20 million (in today’s money) award-winning Anzac Hall that is just 20 years old; a massive excavation at the southern entrance to the Memorial to build a new entrance; and the destruction of between 65 and 100 mature trees in the grounds of the Memorial.

Other early works include the erection of fences around the site, temporary paths to facilitate access, and relocating some services. These clearly come under the heading of site preparation.

On the other hand, the new Anzac Hall will be built on the footprint of the demolished Anzac Hall; the construction of a new southern entrance and a new parade ground depends on the excavation of what is there now; the trees have to go to provide construction access or because the ground where they grow now will be covered by extensions to the building.

The destruction of Anzac Hall, the southern excavation, and the tree massacre can in no way be described as early works. They are fundamental to the project. They should not be considered separately and in advance, but along with the rest of the project.

The Memorial project has never been justified. The money could have been better spent on direct benefits to veterans. While no one denies there should be greater recognition of recent service the Memorial could have achieved this by making difficult decisions about the use of its existing space.

The strongest arguments for the project have always come from the old white men whose names will appear on foundation stones and for whom these 24,000 square metres of new space will stand as a lasting legacy. And lasting, too, will be the memories of the flawed process that led to this outcome.

Manufacturing consent: Australian War Memorial has become a cheerleader for war

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

David Stephens

David Stephens

David Stephens is editor of the Honest History website and convener of Heritage Guardians, a community committee campaigning against the War Memorial project.

4 Comments

  1. Avatar

    Nothing new here: secretive and unaccountable deliberations over a foregone conclusion. With the added insult of ignoring public opposition. My people fought in WW2, and my friends fought in Vietnam, but I can’t print what they thought, or think, of politicians. However, my old Aunty used to call them ‘criminals’, to much cynical mirth and agreement!

  2. Avatar

    Jesus must be so proud of his *followers”
    Turning in his grave.

  3. Avatar

    As one of many people who protested against the waste of money on this expensive vanity project, I have observed the shocking lack of due process throughout this saga. Every “consultation” has been a cynical box ticking exercise: there has never been any intention to take notice of the objections, much less produce any response or rationale for steaming ahead regardless.

    This projects dishonours all those whom the Memorial exists to celebrate. But no matter how splendid the result, and how many people get their names attached to it, it will permanently memorialise the shame of the process which brought it into being. That will not be forgotten. It will be a permanently tarnished edifice. It will symbolise the shockingly unaccountable depths to which our democratic system of government has sunk – the system that our military fought to defend in past wars.

    What dismays me is that the Labor Opposition seems to have been completely out to lunch on this issue. Could they not see what was happening? Are they terrified of some shadowy Anzac lobby? What would a national integrity commission make of all that has happened?

  4. Avatar

    Simply more of the imported US GOP political military confection of icons to worship, translated by wanna be soldier Howard into Anzackery, Gallipolism, Diggerdom, the flag, English language, ‘Christian values’ and white nationalism, to be promoted and celebrated ad nauseum by legacy media, MPs and others who have never served; just in case we did not know we are Australian.

    Fact is most veterans including and since WWI, do not celebrate war but commemorate quietly and modestly. Nowadays this is not possible in public due to the politicisation, popularisation and commercialisation of defence, war, security and claiming ‘Australian values’ or presenting as authoritative (or worse, autocratic and militaristic).

    Quietly the AWM has done far more useful quality work e.g. ’90s interviewing WWI veterans for the archive, including one’s grandfather who never really spoke about WWI nor participated in official events, quite modest but that does not fit the Australian public psyche these days….

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