Franking Credits: Government wins as bank payouts fall, but Labor …?

by | Nov 12, 2019 | Economy & Markets, Government

If Labor hoists the white flag and dumps its franking credits policy, it endorses a bizarre regime of cash hand-outs for wealthy share market investors. Michael West reports on the bank profit season, welfare for the wealthy and the winner from plunging bank payouts – Government.

Despite Dick Smith’s public post-election dismay at receiving his $250,000 franking credits hand-out from the Government – the year before that it had been half a million dollars – Labor’s capitulation on franking credits looms. Will they cave in fear of Liberal scare campaigns, strive to become a small target?

For its part, the mainstream media is yet to come to grips with what franking credits actually are, a straight-out payment rather than a refund that is; still swallowing the Government’s “retiree tax” lie rather than the truth, that is that abandoning franking credits amounts removing a subsidy rather than imposing a tax.

Yes, not all franking credit hand-outs go to the wealthy. A policy to protect less wealthy retirees could be easily introduced, a cap.

Amid the Labor Party’s endless hand-wringing over the election loss however, the paradox of franking credits has been put in stark relief by the big banks. Last week’s falling dividends and franking credits payouts have actually benefitted the Government. Shareholders’ losses have been government’s gain.

The less the banks pay out, the more the Government gets to keep. And the numbers are large.

Each of the three major banks to report in recent days has reduced the amount of franking credits “released” this November (compared to last November):

  • ANZ: 30% fewer
  • WBC: 15% fewer
  • NAB: 16% fewer

We will get to the detail in due course, but it is worth noting how intertwined are the Government and the banks are; and, in a sense, how government is privatising economic decision-making.

One, it is the directors of the large banks which set both the dividend payout ratio and and size of dividend which, in turn, determine how much tax government gets from the banks. Bank directors therefore determine how much tax the Government gets to keep.

The Facts of Life: Qantas, the CBA and the Franking Credits Factory

Two, the latest farm-debt relief policy will likely ensure that farmers simply pay out their high-interest bank loans with the zero-interest money they get from the Government.

Given the drought, it is unlikely much of the funding will go to planting new seed or developing new herds. Yet, the banks are sure-fire winners from the program because it will allow them to “derisk” their portfolios, lower their exposure to farm debt. Will they lend any more? Probably not.

Three, quantitative easing (QE). Although the recent spike in wholesale interest rates (bond yields) lowers the likelihood the Government will print money to revive the economy (QE is effectively printing money), if QE were to proceed though, it would also be a boon for the banks, allowing them to decide who got the loans, rather than the Government.

QE is akin to outsourcing economic management to the banks.

Privatisation Fetish and QE: will government surrender the economic rescue to the banks?

How bank results are a win for government

ANZ went first in reporting season. It was the first of the Big Four banks not to pay 100% franked dividends, winding down the tap to 70% franking. Westpac was next, keeping the franking at 100pc but reducing its dividend from 94c to 80c (-15%). That’s a 14c per share reduction which leads to a 6c per share reduction in franking credits – a reduction in total benefits from 134c per share to 114c.

NAB then emerged with its news on Thursday. It’s shares fell 2.8% as it dropped the dividend from 99c to 83c (-16%) while maintaining 100% franking.

That’s a reduction of 16c per share in the dividend leading to a reduction of 7cps reduction in franking credits.

Overall, the reduction in benefits went from from 141cps to 119cps.

Rather than succumbing to Liberal Party scare campaigns, Labor should stick to its guns on franking credits, cap the pay-outs to protect poorer retirees, and educate the media about what franking credits really are, cash payouts rather than refunds.

There are not many Dick Smiths about, those prepared to publicise the freakish policy of middle class welfare subsidised by ordinary taxpayers. People naturally tend to keep this sort of lurk to themselves.

As the payouts rise in future years however and more come to understand what they are – a great big subsidy rather than a “great big retiree tax”, they will eventually have to be abandoned. Beating a retreat from a retreat is not an enticing prospect for the Opposition.

Franking Credits: how good is free money!

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Michael West

Michael West

Michael West established to focus on journalism of high public interest, particularly the rising power of corporations over democracy. Formerly a journalist and editor at Fairfax newspapers and a columnist at News Corp, West was appointed Adjunct Associate Professor at the University of Sydney’s School of Social and Political Sciences. You can follow Michael on Twitter @MichaelWestBiz.

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